It takes two to bring a child into the world, but it doesn't always take two to place a child with an adoptive family.
Most often, infant adoptions are negotiated between the birth mother and prospective adopters. It's rare that a birth father ever comes into the process. In fact, many fathers didn't have extensive rights to a child born out of wedlock until 1972. In some U.S. states fathers are allowed to be more active in adoption proceedings and can contest a decision to place with an adoptive family.
There are a few different ways to be considered a child's birth father. He can be a man who is biologically related to the child or he can be a man who thinks he may be related to the child or is able to prove he has provided financial support of the birth mother during pregnancy. Because many adoption placements result from unplanned pregnancies, it's unlikely that a woman who was not in a committed relationship at the time will notify the biological father of his paternity. However, in an attempt to sidestep any ill-will many states require an effort be made on the birth mother, agency or attorney's part to contact the father and inform him of the intent to place the child with an adoptive family. A public notice in a newspaper is sufficient in some cases. Additionally, states with putative father registries require men who suspect they are birth fathers to register as a sign of interest in the adoption placement of his biological child. This is an important step for men who intend to contest a placement during the finalization hearings.
If a man has his name on a child's birth certificate, he also has more rights to contest a placement. In most cases, though, if a man does not step forward during the last month of pregnancy as the father figure he will need a reasonable cause to have not done so until the finalization hearings.
It's quite unlikely for a child's father to interrupt adoption placements, particularly if the birth mother can sign her consent to placement soon after giving birth. Fathers tend to have smaller windows in which to consent to terminating their parental rights after birth but some may do so up to a month before the child is born.
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Category: Birth Parents
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Putative Father Registry
Post Adoption Services
Needing advice... feeling rather perplexed
February 27, 2014, 6:15 pm
Disclaimer to the mods on Adoption.com I apologize if I this isnt the right section to be posting this in but I think this is one of the only places where I could fit this. Anywho. On to my calamity that I have to share. I am looking for some possible advice on hope to cope/deal with this in...25 yrs + So Fustrated
February 27, 2014, 9:52 am
Hi my name is Linda, I have been searching 25 yrs+ And it seems like when I get a little ahead I walk into another wall. So I'm putting everything out here(maybe to much however I'm desperate now) I was born Nov 1968 in Binghamton NY believe in Bing. General Hospital I weighed 7lbs 10 oz. 20 1/4 in...
Baby Girl Thompson, Born 02/08/1983
March 3, 2014, 1:21 pm
I'm trying to find out some information about my birth parents, either one or both would be a miracle for me. I was adopted sometime in the three months after I was born, which was on February 8, 1983. My adoptive parents, the only parents I have ever know, are absolutely wonderful people, married...Female adoptee born 8-2-83 in Richmond, VA
February 27, 2014, 11:46 am
I'm searching for any of my birth family. My name given to me at birth was Sara. Possibly Sara Lux. I was born on 8-2-83 according to one document and 8-1-83 according to another. I believe I was placed through Children's Home Society of VA. My birth mother was 15 and my birth father was 17 1/2. I...
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