Closed Adoption

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Closed adoption, also called a confidential or traditional adoption, refers to an adoption in which there is no relationship between the adoptive family and birth parents. In a closed adoption, the birth parents and adoptive family arrange the adoption via a facilitator, attorney or a case worker at an agency. Neither member of the adoption triad knows identifying information about the other. By opting for a closed adoption, a future birth mother is trying to have as little involvement as possible with the placement process. For some women, this is a way to distance themselves from the emotional decisions associated with placement. However, the distance is something many adopters fear will make it easier for a birth mother to change her mind about placement.

Closed adoptions differ from the somewhat more revealing semi-open adoption, in which triad members are on a first-name basis. The future birth mother in a semi-open adoption will play a decisive role in child placement.

Some birth parents and adoptive parents may worry than anything but an open adoption can lead to discontent as the child develops, but a study conducted in 1996 by Child Development suggested that children would rather feel secure in their adoptive family than be in contact with their birth parents.

Choosing between an open and closed adoption depends entirely on the adoptive family's preferences. It's strongly advised that couples that do not entirely support an open adoption should not engage in one. However, it's more rare to find an agency or attorney that is completely comfortable with a closed adoption and will not suggest a semi-open adoption to a birth mother.

It's equally important adopters understand that in a closed adoption little to no information will be exchanged with the birth parents, including their choice to arrange an adoption with the couple. This can feel like a distant business deal for some adoptive couples who want to know the nuances and personality of the mother of the child they're being placed with. Other adoptive parents may feel the separation of adoptive and birth parent eliminates possible instability an openly known birth mother's lifestyle may bring into a family dynamic. Also, in an open adoption, if communication is lost between the birth mother and adoptee, the child may become confused and hurt.

Category: Adopting

Articles About "Closed Adoption"

Types of Adoption
The decision to place your child up for adoption is never an easy one. It is not something that any person takes lightly. In fact, much time, thought and emotion goes into this choice. If you have decided to place your child up for adoption it is important that you understand your options. There...
Bio, Adopted, and Other Siblings
In discussing siblings and differences, there are all kinds of differences: One child may have been born into the family and the other adopted; The children may be of different racial or cultural backgrounds; One child may be in a closed adoption and the other in an open adoption; There may be a...
Portrayals of Open Adoption
Stories are my work. My own story prompted me to begin researching adoption as a whole when, in 1995, I discovered the painful reality of changing minds and non-existent communication. I'd waited five years for an update letter from my son's adoptive parents and when I finally received one, was...
Overgrown Bangs
I believe I cut my hair that day My bangs had grown too long And as I trimmed my own fair strands My thoughts of you were strong As I gazed into the mirror And studied my own face I thought about my little girl Who had vanished without trace Keeping canvas close at hand To quench such need to ask...

"Closed Adoption" in the News

Is she too old to take care of grandchildren?
Some friends of mine have been telling me I should let the little one get adopted through the state in a closed adoption.
Friends Urge Grandma To Let Younger Grandson Be Adopted
DEAR ABBY: I'm 62 and own my own home. I have legal guardianship of my eldest grandson, who is 5. Another grandchild is 2 1/2 and in foster care. I would like to keep both children together because I have been told that in the long run it is better so they won't lose contact with each...
Children at risk from poverty and drug abuse
Latest childcare law report includes care orders due to homelessness and smoking
Ohio law grants adoptees access to birth certificates
COLUMBUS, Ohio - An Ohio law now in effect lets biological parents of adoptees decide whether to redact their names or include contact preferences in records that will soon be made available to certain adoptees.

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"Closed Adoption" in the Adoption Blogs

Open to Close
September 13, 2013, 8:23 pm
We have a closed adoption with my son's birth family. We did send pictures and letters the first 6 months after placement. The birth mom never responded back to us. After the adoption was final we sent a couple of more pictures and letters and then we stopped. About two years after we adopted...
Sealed With a Law
November 24, 2013, 12:36 pm
I was adoptedfrom New Jersey, which, like many other states, has sealed records for adoptees with closed adoptions. Year by year, states are starting to open records for adoptees. Every year, I search New Jersey papers online hoping to glimpse, "Adoptee Records to be Unsealed for New Jersey...
Top Ten Questions Part 1
October 28, 2013, 8:08 pm
I thought it might be helpful if I compiled a list of the top ten questions I get asked about adoption. The answers to these questions may differ from your opinion or vary from state to state. There may be some answers that you don't agree with and that is okay. If you do disagree, please...
Find more blogs on closed adoption

"Closed Adoption" in the Adoption Forums

Weird questions...
March 24, 2014, 1:14 pm
Having a hard time coming up with the right words, so please take that into consideration, and ask if something doesn't make sense. Several times when the topic of permanency comes up for wee little ones - whether it is foster care, or domestic adoption, the parents, or legislature - the...
Kinship Question
February 28, 2014, 7:23 am
I have had my AD baby 1/2 sister for almost a month. Bmom attorney is fighting saying she is not kinship cause we have a closed adoption which therefore makes no connection! Baby may have paternal relatives interested in placement of her. No viable maternal relatives. Bdad said he cannot...
February 26, 2014, 12:58 pm
[QUOTE=apf1964]I'm a BirthMother who placed my daughter through a closed adoption in Shreveport, LA. I lived in New Orleans, LA at that time. I now reside in Santa Fe, NM. Yes, it is in the USA with zip[/QUOTE] Hi, just wanting to see when the girl was born. I'm searching for my...
Moving out of bio parents area and open adoption...
March 19, 2014, 2:24 pm
We adopted our daughter in September of last year after almost two years of fostering her. We live in a closed adoption state and any contact between families is handled privately after adoption and not monitored or litigated in any way. Her parents are young and cognitively delayed and could...

Stories About "Closed Adoption"

An Extraordinary Sunday Morning Chat Between Mother and Son
Morning dawned early on a recent muggy, late July Southern California morning. Although not quite 6:30 a.m., it is time for my inner dialog to kick in and convince me to consider rousing myself and...
True Love Is Never Impatient
I am a 50-year-old birthfather in reunion with my children after twenty-four years of separation by a closed adoption. Our adoption was not typical. I had custody of our 4-year-old boy, and...
Lost My Brother
When I was 7-10 years old, my step father required my mother to give up a child she conceived by my biological father. This happened in Washington, Soap Lake. The adoption took place at birth. I am...

"Closed Adoption" on

Closed Adoption - Adoption -
Debate and vote on Resolutions N 22, ... (closed) 20 9h00-9h15 Chair: Dave Prentis, President Speaker: Fred van Leeuwen, General Secretary, Educ ation International, on behalf of the Council of ... debate and adoption 22 10h30-11h00. Public Services International World Congress Durban, South ...
Step Parent Adoption - Adoption -
I placed my daughter at birth in a closed adoption 22 years ago and we reunited when she turned 19. Speaking personally, I actually use and prefer the term B-mom and the "B" represents either biological-or- birth.
Closed Adoption: Closed Adoptions, Adopting, Family ...
Debate and vote on Resolutions N 22, ... (closed) 20 9h00-9h15 Chair: Dave Prentis, President Speaker: Fred van Leeuwen, General Secretary, Educ ation International, on behalf of the Council of ... debate and adoption 22 10h30-11h00. Public Services International World Congress Durban, South ...
Does the term first,natural,real mom make you feel sad ...
I placed my daughter at birth in a closed adoption 22 years ago and we reunited when she turned 19. Speaking personally, I actually use and prefer the term B-mom and the "B" represents either biological-or- birth.

Web Results for "Closed Adoption"

Can this situation be saved?: Looking for an Adoption Match ...
One son whom she place in an agency, closed adoption 22 years ago,EP says plays professional football for a team in a southern state. EP had 1 term. pregnancy. & said if she would have had the money she would have term. this one. Note: I Google EP name.
Newfoundland and Labrador (Manager of Child, Youth and Family ...
This is especially so where there is a continuous custody order followed by a "closed" adoption. 22. Courts should leave children with their parents unless and until the evidence clearly establishes that they require state protection. (Mr. Justice Rand in Hepton v. Maat, ...
Dictionary - Definition of adoption - Webster's Online ...
Closed adoption: 22: Adoption proceedings of Emma Rose: 9 : Delegation for the Adoption of an International Auxiliary Language: 12: Adoption and Safe Families Act: 8 : Domestic adoption: 6: Adoption in ancient Rome: 8 : Free software adoption cases: 8:
Visitor Comments (3)
Adding your comments contributes to the adoption community. Please keep all comments on topic and civil. Visitors are invited to comment and vote for or flag comments based on appropriateness and helpfulness. All comments must adhere to our commenting rules and are subject to moderation.
Lynette - 4 weeks ago
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In a closed adoption, do the adoptive parents get information about the biological mother on adopting the child? #1
Guest - 3 months ago
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when was this published #2
Jeannette - 1 year ago
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Are there any organizations that oppose open adoptions and are they vocal in policy making? Please identify them. #3
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