A domestic adoption refers to any adoption that takes place within the United States. Adopters have the option to seek placement and process their adoption independently, through an agency or a facilitator.
Adopters choose domestic adoption because it tends to be cheaper than international adoption and it also doesn’t present large cultural or ethnic gaps later in a child’s life. Domestic adopters also have a greater capacity to customize their adoption experience than in an international adoption. A domestic adoption may also have more federal and state financial aid available to an adoptive family’s needs.
Domestic adoptions can be facilitated independently and with an attorney or by an agency. Of the agencies, adopters can choose to work with the public or private.
Public agencies are the cheapest adoption option. They rarely cost more than the home study fee, which is also eligible for reimbursement if an adopter is placed with a special needs child. Public agencies are state-run and place older children from the foster system with adoptive families.
Private agencies, on the other hand, are slightly more expensive and place infants with couples. They may also provide birth mother counseling, an attorney and also post-placement supervision.
Perhaps the most appropriate way to categorize adoption options is by adoptee age. Infant adoptions are characterized by placement arrangements with a future birth mother, who expects to terminate her parental rights over the child after it's born and consent to an adoptive couple assuming those rights. About two-thirds of all domestic infant adoptions are processed independently by an attorney and the rest are facilitated by a private agency.
Infant adoptions are the most expensive adoption option, beginning around $5,000 and able to cost well over $30,000 or $40,000. Birth mother services and agency or attorney fees vary from adoption to adoption. However, most adopters can expect to pay well for the adoption process.
Independent adoptions can be around the same overall cost as private agencies, but can also be the most expensive domestic option if it isn’t done right. In an independent adoption, a couple finds their own child placement and covers costs and counseling and facilitation without an agency intermediary. Often an attorney plays a large role in these adoptions, which can also be very expensive.
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Single women wanting to help a child
December 25, 2013, 1:40 pm
Hello, I'm a single women and I always wanted to foster a child. I want to help a child. I'm nervous because I don't know what to expect. I read some threads and it seems that most people who are single chose domestic adoption but I believe that cost a ton of money. I wonder if there are any single...
December 17, 2013, 8:04 am
Russia has been an option up until now, but I would not be hopeful for it being an option for you from now. I'm sad to say that, but it's unlikely to be a good option for you. It may close down completely to Europeans soon, although so far it's still open-[B]I have heard this is a possibility but...
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